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南美白對蝦養殖過程中肥水把握原則

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南美白對蝦養殖過程中肥水把握原則

發布日期:2018-01-30 作者:德聚源家庭農場 點擊:

YANGZHIGUOCHENGZHONG,FEISHUISHIYIXIANGJIQIZHONGYAODEGONGZUO,DANZAISHIJICAOZUOZHONGWANGWANGSHIBEIGONGBAN。CHANGGUIDEFEISHUIFANGFACUNZAIYIDINGDELIYUBI。RUHEBAWOFEISHUIYUANZE,ZHANGWOZHENGQUEDEZUOFASHIBENWENZHONGDIANTANTAODELIANGGEWENTI

“養蝦先養水”早已成為廣大對蝦養殖者與技術人員的共識。對蝦生于斯長于斯,蝦與水的關系就如同人與空氣的關系。沒有健康適宜的養殖水環境,再營養全面的飼料,再細心的管理都不可能獲得最終養殖的成功。放苗前,養殖戶都知道進行肥水并且都明白肥水工作的重要性,但是實際生產中,往往事倍功半,有的水難肥,有的水肥起來幾天后水色又變差,肥水效果往往不理想。如何做好肥水,筆者有以下幾點建議,可供參考。南美對蝦養殖

YI、FANGMIAOQIANFEISHUIYUANZE

  1、SUOFEISHUITIJIFEILIAOZHONGYINGYANGSU(DAN、LIN、JIAJIQITAWEILIANGYUANSU)YINGQUANMIANQUANQIEXIANGHUPINGHENG

2、WUJIFEI(HUAFEI)SHISUXIAOCHANPIN,FEISHUISUIKUAI,DANCHIXUSHIJIANJIAODUAN;YOUJIFEISHUCHANGXIAOCHANPIN,FEISHUISUIMAN,DANCHIXUSHIJIANJIAOCHANG。ERZHEXIANGHUHELIJIEHEQILAISHIYONGKEDADAOJIKUAIYOUWENDINGDELIANGHAOFEISHUIXIAOGUO。

棋乐游3、WUJIFEISHIYONGSHIYAOGENJUYANGGUANGQINGKUANG,SHAOLIANGDUOCI。GUANGQIANG,GUANGZHAOSHIJIANCHANGDUOSHI,FANZHISHAOSHIDUOCI。FOUZEYINYUTIANSHIFEIHOUDALIANGDEFEICHENRUCHIDI,YOUKENENGSHI“QINGTAI”DALIANGFANZHI。

4、JIFEILIANGYAOZU,BIXUKAOLVDAOCHITANGZHONGYIYOUYINGYANGWUZHI(RUYUNI)JISUOSHIJIFEIYINGYANGJIEGOUYUSHULIANG,DINIDUOSHISHAOSHI,DINISHAOHUOZHEXINTANGYAOSHIDANGDUOSHI。

5、CHIDIYUNIJIAOSHAOSHIDANSHIWEISHENGWUZHIJI(HUOJUN)FEISHUIXIAOGUOJIAOCHA,ZHEXIEJUNSHIXIAQUHOUMEIYOUDONGXIKEGONGQIFENJIEBIANCHENGFEILIAO。

6、放苗后施追肥宜少量多次,少用、慎用尿素等氮肥,否則氨氮含量有可能增高。南美對蝦養殖

棋乐游7、SHUITIZHONGSHIJIDEDANLINHANLIANGCHAOGUO10:1SHIGUIZAOYIDALIANGFANZHI;DANLINBI3:1-7:1,SHENZHIJIEJIN10:1SHILVZAOYIDALIANGFANZHI;DANDANLINBIJIEJIN1:1SHIYOUDUJIAZAO、BIANMAOZAOYIFANZHI。

棋乐游8、FEISHUIHOUSHUITITOUMINGDUYINGZAI30cmZUOYOU。LVSESHUI(DANLVSE、CUILVSE、HUANGLVSEHUOZHELVDOUSE)BIHESESHUI(CHASE、CHAHESE)XIANGDUIWENDING,XIANGPEIYUXIANGDUIWENDINGDESHUIJIUYINGJINLIANGDIAOZHENGSHIFEIDEPINZHONGHESHULIANG,PEIYULVSESHUI。

  ER、CHANGGUIFEISHUIFALIYUBI

YIBANFEISHUIDECHANGGUIZUOFASHIXIANQINGTANG、DUTANG,JINERJINSHUIXIAODUFEISHUI,SHUIJIBENNENGFEIQILAI,DANHENDUOSHIHOU,YIGEXINGQI、ZUIDUOBANGEYUEZUOYOUSHUIJIUBIANQINGHUODAOZAO、ZHUANZAO,RURUOZHIYONGHANHUAFEIZHILEIDECHANPINFEISHUIJIANXIAODOUBIJIAOKUAI,DANWEICHISHIJIANBUCHANG。KENENGYOUBUSHAOYANGZHIHUYONGJIFEN、YAFEN、ZHUFEN、CIFEN(SUCHENG“HUANGFEN”)、HUASHENGFU、DOUPO、MIKANGZAIJIAXIEHUAFEI、SHISHOUDEFEISHUICHANPINDENGFANGFAFEISHUI,FEISHUIXIAOGUOYEMANBUCUO,DANWANGWANGSHITIANBANGEYUEZUOYOUSHUIJIURONGYIBIANQING、DAOZAO、ZHUANZAO,NEISHIYINWEISUOSHIFEIDEYINGYANGHUANSHIBUQUANMIANBUPINGHENGERDAOZHIMOUXIEYINGYANGQUEFA(DADUODANFEIGOUERLINFEIBUZU),MOUXIEZHONGLEIZAOLEISHENGCHANGSHOUDAOYIZHI,ERQIAHAOSHIHELINGWAIPINZHONGDEZAOLEISHENGCHANGERZHUANZAO。

YEYOURENYONGHUOJUNCHANPINFEISHUIRUGUANGHEXIJUN、YABAOGANJUN、XIAOHUAXIJUNDENG,YOUDEJIANXIAO,YOUDEXIAOGUOBUMINGXIAN,WEISHENMENI?DAGEBIFANG,HUOJUNJIUXIANGDANGYUWOMENDEDIANFANGUOHEDIAN,SUOSHIFEISHUICHANPIN(JIFEN、MIKANG、DOUPODENG)JIUHAOBIWOMENSUOFANGDEMI,YOUDUOSHAOMICAINENGZHUCHUDUOSHAOFAN。HUOJUNZHUYAOSHIQIFENJIEZUOYONG,QIESHIZHUJIANFENJIE,SUOTOUYINGYANGWUBUDUOHUOYUNIBUDUO,FEILIDANGRANBUGOU,FEILIBUGOUNANMIANSHUIHUIBIAN,TEBIESHIXINTANG、YANGZHIQIANQITOULIAOSHAO、XIAPAIXIEWUHENSHAO,TANGSHUILIYINGYANGWUSHAO,SHIJUNXIAOGUOZENMEKENENGWEICHITAICHANGSHIJIANNI?CHUFEIZAIPUTONGHUOJUNCHANPINZHONGTIANJIAXIEYINGYANGQUANMIANDEWUZHI。

棋乐游JINNIANSUOXINGQIDE“ANJISUANFEISHUI”,SHIMIANSHANGCILEICHANPINXIANGANJISUANFEISHUISU、ANJISUANFEISHUIGAO、ANJISUANFEISHUIYEYEHENDUO,ZHUYAOCHENGFENCHULEFUHEANJISUANZHIWAI,HUANYOUHUOXINGTAI、DUOWEIDUOKUANG、SHENZHIHUANYOUFUHEYOUYIJUN。JIANXIAOKUAI,XIAOGUOHAO,YINWEIANJISUANBIPUTONGDANBAIZHIDELIYONGKUAI,YINGYANGFENGFU,FEIXIAOYEBIJIAOCHIJIU,DANANJISUANFENJIEHOUZHUYAOCHANSHENGDANFEI,YEKENENGYINLIN、JIA、WEILIANGYUANSUDENGDEQUEFAHUOBUPINGHENGERZHUANZAO,SUOYIHUANSHIYOUBUFENTANGSHUIRONGYIBIANSE。

  SAN、FEISHUIZHENGQUEZUOFA

棋乐游  DUTANGKEJINSHUI20GONGFENZUOYOU,ZHENGHAOYANMEICHIDIJIKE,XUANZESHISHOUDERENYIXIAODUJIDOUKE,TONGSHISHIYONGGANGYONGGUOXIAODUJIDECHISHUICHONGXICHITANGBIANPO。ZHIYAOBUSHIYONGJUDUCANLIUXINGGAODEYAOWU、QIECHIDIYUNIBUDUO,JIUWUXUPAICHUXIAODUSHUI。GANGGANGXIAODUGUODESHUIMEIBINGDU、XIJUN,BIWAIYUANSHUIGANJING,PAISHUIYOUZAIJINSHUIDUOCIYIJU,KENENGHUANFEISHIFEIDIAN。YEYOURENXIHUANYONGNONGYAOSHALUO,NONGYAOWANGWANGDUXINGQIANG、CANLIUSHIJIANCHANG,DUIXIADEWEIHAIDA,SUOYIYIDINGXUDENGDAOYAOXINGXIAOSHIHOUCAINENGJINSHUI,YONGJUDUNONGYAOXIAODUDESHUIZUIHAOPAIDIAO。DENGXIAODUJIYAOXINGJIBENXIAOSHI(BUYONGWANQUANXIAOSHI)JIUKEJINSHUI,YOUTIAOJIANDEHUAZUIHAOXUANZEQINGTIANZHONGWU、XIAWU、BANGWANJINSHUI,BUZHUZHANGHOUBANYEJINSHUI,YINWEIZAOLEIWANSHANG、YINYUTIANYIXIACHEN。JINSHUIBUYAOTAIQIAN(SHUISHAOHUANJINGYIBIANHUA),TUIJIANYIMIYISHANG,SHENZHIYOURENGAOQUANFENGBISHIYANGZHI,DIYICIJIUJINMANSHUIYIHOUJIUBUZAIDALIANGJINSHUILE。

KECAIYONGKUAISUFEISHUICHANPIN(RU:HUAFEI,ZUIHAOSHIFUHEFEI,ZHIYAOBUHANHUOJUNJIUKE)JIANGSHUIFEIQILAI,YONGXIEDUIZAOLEIPOHUAILIBUQIANGDEXIAODUJIANLVEGAOYUTUIJIANZHILIAOLIANGXIAODU(YEYOUYANGZHIHUZHENGTANGSHUIBUXIAODUJIUFANGMIAO),DENGXIAODUJIYAOXINGJIBENXIAOSHIHOUJIUSHIYONGCHANGXIAOFEIHEWEISHENGWUZHIJI(HUOJUN)CHANPINDIAOSHUI,FANGMIAO。

棋乐游FANGMIAOQIANHOUSHIYOUJIFEIHEHUOJUNCHANPINDOUKE。ANZHAOYIMUTANGYIMISHUISHENJISUAN,GENJUCHITANGDEFEISHOUCHENGDU,KUAISUFEISHUICHANPINKEXUANQUYIXIARENYIZHONGFANGFA:①5-20JINNIAOSUHUOTANANJIA2-5JINLINFEI,ZAIJIA1-3JINFUHEFEI;②1.5-2kgDANXIBAOZAOLEISHENGCHANGSU(JIANCHENGDANBAOZAO)JIA2-3JINFUHEFEI;③QITASHISHOUDEKUAISUFEISHUICHANPINZAIJIASHAOLIANGFUHEFEI。

CHANGXIAOFEIKECAIYONG:3-5kgEMYUANLUJIA2-3JINLISHENGSU(ZUIHAOXUANYONGHANDUOJUNZHONGDEFUHEJUN)BAN3-5JINXIALIAO(HUANKEJIASHISHOUDEYOUJIFEICHANPINYIQIFAJIAO),SHILIANGJIASHUIHOU,CHANGKOUJINPAO2-3TIAN(ZHUYAOQIFAJIAOZUOYONG)HOUQUANCHIPOSA。DIYICISHIJUNDELIANGYIDINGYAOZU,JIANYICHAOLIANGYONG。

WEIHEXUANZEXIALIAOFAJIAOERBUYONGJIFEN、DOUPODENG,YINWEIJIFENDEYOUJIZHIFENGFU,DANYOUXIAODANCAI4%ZUOYOU,ERXIALIAOHANDANBAIZHI40%ZUOYOU,QIEYUANLIAOPINZHONGDUO,YINGYANGQUANMIAN,YIJINXIALIAOCHABUDUODING10JINJIFENDEYINGYANG。DOUPODEDANBAISUIDA40%DUO,DANYINGYANGDANYI,QUEFALINJIAJIQITAWEILIANGYUANSU。YANGXIAYONGXIALIAOJIUDIQUCAI,XIALIAOZAZHISHAO,JIBENBUWURANTANG,FAJIAOHAODEXIALIAOBEIHUOJUNMANMANFENJIE,BUDUANGONGGEICHISHUIYINGYANG,BUDUANCHANFEI;SUIMOHUANKEGONGFUYOUDONGWU(ZHUSANJIAOSUCHENG“SHUIZHU”)SHESHI;XIAMIAOSHESHIJISHAOLIANGFAJIAOHAODEXIALIAO,GENGYOUZHUYUXIAOHUAXISHOU。KEYISHUOSHIGE“YIJUSANDE”DEBANFA。

YOURENDANYONGEMJUNFAJIAOXIAOGUOBULIXIANGDEYUANYINKENENGSHIEMJUNDADUOSHIXIERUSUANJUN、JIAOMUJUN、GUANGHEXIJUNDENG,TAMENFENJIEDAFENZIYOUJIWUDENENGLIXIANGDUIJIAOCHA,NENGFENJIEDAFENZIYOUJIWUDEYABAOGANJUNDENGSHULIANGTAISHAO;YEYOURENCAIYONGMIFENGFAJIAOXIAOGUOBULIXIANG,SHIYINWEILISHENGSUZHUYAOHANYABAOGANJUN,FANZHIHEFENJIEDAFENZIYOUJIWUDEGUOCHENGHAOYANGLIANGDA,MIFENGHOURONGYIQUEYANG,DAOZHIYABAOGANJUNFANZHISHULIANGSHAO,SHENZHISIWANG。

  SI、FEISHUISHIBAIYUANYINJIDUICE

棋乐游1、ZAOLEIYESHIYIZHONGZHIWU,RENHEZHIWUSHENGCHANGDOUXUYAOZHONG、FEI、GUANG,SANZHEQUEYIBUKE,YINCIYAOXIANGFEISHUIJIUBIXUJUBEIYIXIASANDIAN:

棋乐游(1)ZAOZHONG:FEISHUIDEZAOLEIBIXUJIANKANG,PINZHONGQIQUANQIEXIANGHUPINGHENG;

(2)FEILIAO:FEILIAOYINGYANGJUNHENG,SUXIAOFEIYUCHANGXIAOFEIDOUDESHIGOU;

棋乐游(3)YANGGUANG:MEIYOUYANGGUANGZHIWUWUFASHENGCHANG。

棋乐游TONGSHISHUITIDIHAISHENGWUSHAO,pH、SHUIWENDENGHUANJINGTIAOJIANYAOHESHI。

2、FEISHUISHIBAIKENENGYUANYIN:

(1)BENSHENSUOJINDESHUIYUAN(RUDIXIASHUI、QINGSHOUSHUI)ZAOZHONGSHULIANGSHAO,RUGAOWEICHI、DIMOCHI、SHATUCHIDENGSHUITIYINGYANGBUGOU,QUEFAZAOLEISHENGCHANGSUOXUDEGEZHONGYINGYANGYAN;

(2)GUOLIANGSHIYONGFUZUOYONGJIAODADEXIAODUJI,JIANGZAOLEIHEWEISHENGWUSHAMIEERDAOZHIQIWUFAFANZHISHENGCHANG;

(3)TANGSHUIPIANSUAN;

棋乐游(4)SUISHIFEI,DANYINMOUXIEZHONGLEIYINGYANGYANQUEFAHUOYISANGSHIFEIXIAO,ZAOLEIYEWUFAFANZHISHENGCHANG;

棋乐游(5)YINYUTIANGUANGZHAOBUZUHUOWENDUDI,ZAOLEISHENGCHANGFANZHISUDUMAN;

棋乐游(6)SHUIZHONGSHESHIZAOLEIDEFUYOUDONGWU(RULUNCHONG、RAOZULEI、LUCHONG)DUO;

(7)SHUIZHONGZAZAO(RUGANGMAOZAO、HUTAILEI、GOUCAODENG,SUCHENG“QINGTAI”)GUODUOERYIZHILEDANBAOZAODEFANZHIHESHENGCHANG。

3、DUICE:

棋乐游CHAMINGYUANYINHOUYINGCAIQUXIANGYINGDUICE,RUSHUIPIANSUANYONGSHENGSHIHUIDIAOJIE,QUEFEISHIGANKUAISHIFEI,XIAODUYONGYAOGUODUOKEYONGHANNINGMENGSUAN、ANJISUANZHILEIDEYOUJISUANJIEDU。YEKEYICONGZAOLEIFENGFUDELINJINCHITANGYINRUYIBUFENSHUI,RANHOUZHONGXINFEISHUI。

YICHANG“QINGTAI”DECHITANGKEZAIXIANZHIQIPAIGANCHISHUI,FANGZHIZAZAOSHENGCHANG。FANGMIAOQIANSHAOLIANGJINSHUI(GANGJINMEICHIDI),RANGQISHENGCHANGFANZHI,RANHOUYONG7-8ppmDELIUSUANTONGHUO1-2ppmDECHUCAOMIHUOGAONONGDUDEPIAOBAIFENDENGSHAZAO。YIFANGXIAMIAODETANGYOU“QINGTAI”SHIBUKELIJISHIFEIHUOYONGSHAZAOJISHAZAO(SHIFEI,“QINGTAI”ZHENGDUOFEILIAODENENGLIYUANDAYUDANBAOZAO,ZHESHISHIFEIYUEFEIYUEQING;SHAZAO,TONGSHIYEHUIBAYOUYIDEDANBAOZAOSHASIERPOHUAIZAOXIANGPINGHENG,DALIANGSIWANGDEZAOLEIFENJIEHUIPOHUAISHUIZHI),ERYINGDANGRENLILAOCHUBINGJINKUAIJIASHENSHUIWEI(DICENGWUKEJIANGUANGSHI,DIQIZAOLEIBIANWUFASHENGCHANG),ZUIHAOBAITIANHUOBANGWANJIASHUIYIDAIJINXINXIANZAOZHONG,RANHOUZAISHIFEIFEISHUI,JIANYISHAOLIANGDUOCI,XIANYONGXIEWUJIFEI(RUFUHEFEI、GEZHONGPEIZAOJI),ZAISHIYONGHUOJUN(RULISHENGSU、YISHENGSU、EMJUNDENG)BAOSHUI。HUOYONGBAIYUNSHIFENSADAO“QINGTAI”SHANGZHEGAI,NENGQIDAOYIDINGDEQINGCHUXIAOGUO。NANMEIDUIXIAYANGZHI


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